Male Seahorses Like Big Mates. The answer is simple: sexual competition and sexual conflict over seminal fluid. Share this: Twitter Facebook. Like Like. Researchers believe the answer lies in what is known as the Bateman principlewhich suggests that sexual selection acts with more intensity in the sex that invest less in the offspring.
Published online Jun Kvarnemo et al. DeWoody, A. Mar Behav Physiol 23 : — Density-related changes in sexual selection in red deer. Hypervariability of simple sequences as a general source for polymorphic DNA markers. In an effort to only include individuals showing clear interest in reproduction, our sample was further reduced to include only those animals that visited both sizes of the experimental arena and displayed courtship behavior.
Seahorses were fed ad libitum three times each day with frozen Artemia salina and Mysis relicta. Figure 4. In this case, the male evidently mated with two females. Once monogamy has evolved, however, females may fine-tune their speed of egg production and maturation to the developmental speed of embryos cared by their mates to promote reproductive efficiencies of the monogamous pair.
The anomaly of sea horse reproduction provides valuable insight and, of course, many more questions to be answered. This fact provides a clue into the purpose and adaptive function of the male brood pouch. Edition: Available editions United Kingdom.
The finding is reported in a paper published in Nature Communications this week. Brown, G.